Title: Generation of Electricity from Wind Energy Using Vertical Axis Turbine

Abstract:

    Our world has been in existence for billions of years and throughout all those years we have used the sun for basic energy needs. So why not be able to harness that energy and use it to power things like our homes? We have been developing alternate forms of energy called ―Green Energy.‖ Green power is the solution to creating a cleaner, sustainable energy system. Renewable energy--power from the sun, wind, plants, and moving water--is a natural way to meet our energy needs. Of all, we will be working to extract the energy from wind as it is available everywhere, almost free to use and an unlimited source of energy.
   Beloved country Islamic Republic of Pakistan needs more and more energysources to overcome the energy crisis. Keeping in mind that Electricity has become part and parcel of our lives, it is time of hour is to generate electricity form unconventional sources like water, wind etc. so as to serve the country with zeal and zest.Wind power is produced by using wind generators to harness the kinetic energy of wind. It is particular prominent in country having coastal areas as speed of air is sufficiently large to produce electricity in MW in one plant.
   The Aim of the project is to come up with the feasibility report installation of the DARRIEUS type vertical axis wind turbine to generate electricity at lower wind speed. This will eliminate the direction problem of the rotation and it involves lower installation and maintenance cost.
   In this project the design and implementation of single phase invertor will be dealt for light loads. The invertor will produce less harmonic sinusoidal AC voltage at 220V from 12V DC Battery. For the better performance of the invertor, we will use STM based microcontroller so that we can produce smooth alternating output.
   In order to increase the battery performance a charger controller is used to control the flow to the battery. It manages the battery charging according to the requirement level of the battery terminal voltage.
   The dc battery is of 45Ah capacity. The generator is self-excited rotor of 50Amp value. So, the project is designed for 360-Watt (30A*12V). The output of generator will be varying according to the load demand and battery output state.
   Symbolically, we will drive the generator with the coupling of 1HP 3-phase motor. By using this mechanism we will simulate the generator output at different battery voltage levels and with the induction of light and heavy loads. The reason for this methodology is that we want to show that our generator is capable enough to produce electricity when actually the wind turbine will give it drive.

Advisor:  Major Javed Iqbal  

Group Members:


Name:KAMRAN AHMED
Phone:03012657968
kamranahmad1992@gmail.com


Name:ZIA QASIM
Phone: 03004132734
2010ee215@student.uet.edu.pk